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India – Estonia bilateral relations

India – Estonia bilateral relations


The bilateral relationship between India and Estonia is marked by a history of diplomatic cooperation, burgeoning economic ties, and a shared commitment to fostering mutual growth. This article delves into the historical context, political and trade relations, key agreements, and the role of the current Indian Ambassador to Estonia, Raveesh Kumar, in strengthening these connections.

Historical Background

Estonia has been under the jurisdiction of the Embassy of India in Helsinki since 1991. In 2012, a “visa representation centre” was established in Tallinn’s town hall square, signifying Estonia’s intent to open its embassy in New Delhi. The plan for a new resident embassy in Estonia was officially announced on December 30, 2020.

The Indian Ambassador

Raveesh Kumar currently serves as the Indian Ambassador to Estonia, playing a pivotal role in nurturing the bilateral relationship between the two countries.

Trade Relations

Economic cooperation between India and Estonia is thriving, with India exporting various products to Estonia, including Activated Carbon, Insulated Wire, and Stone Processing Machines. Over the last 26 years, Indian exports to Estonia have grown at an annualized rate of 12.1%, from $4.23 million in 1995 to $82 million in 2021. While Indian investments in Estonia, particularly in the commercial and food sectors, remain relatively small-scale, Estonia has yet to establish direct investments in India. However, there is a shared aspiration to enhance economic ties, appoint a non-resident ambassador, and establish a resident embassy in India.

Political Relations

India and Estonia share long-standing historical links. India recognized the Republic of Estonia on September 9, 1991, and established diplomatic relations on December 2 of the same year. The bilateral relations have remained friendly and cordial ever since.

Key Agreements

India and Estonia have entered into several significant agreements covering various domains, including Science and Technology, Culture, Education, Science, Sports, Arts, Mass Media, Tourism, and Youth Affairs. Notable agreements include the Joint Business Council Agreement with the Estonian Chamber of Commerce and agreements on Cooperation in Biotechnology and Higher Education, Capacity Building in e-Governance, Transfer of Sentenced Persons, Cyber Security, and emerging digital technologies. Mutual Recognition of Vaccine Certificates, a critical agreement in the context of the ongoing pandemic, was also exchanged through Note Verbales in October 2021.

Moreover, an Agreement signed on February 10, 2023, between Rashtriya Raksha University (RRU) and CybExer Technologies further bolsters bilateral cooperation in the field of Cyber Security, building upon the existing Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in this domain.


The diplomatic and economic relations between India and Estonia reflect a partnership that continues to evolve and strengthen. With a history of cooperation, a committed Ambassador, and a slew of agreements spanning multiple sectors, these two nations are poised to further deepen their connection, fostering mutual growth and development.

To know more about bilateral relations between India and Estonia, please download our booklet.

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