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India –  Brazil bilateral relations

India – Brazil bilateral relations


Brazil-India relations, also known as Indo-Brazilian relations, represent the bilateral ties between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Republic of India. This article provides an in-depth exploration of the relationship, focusing on their common global vision, shared democratic values, and commitment to fostering inclusive economic growth. Notably, Brazil was the first Latin American nation to establish diplomatic relations with India in 1948, marking the beginning of a robust partnership. 

Historical Foundations

Pioneering Diplomacy: Brazil’s pioneering step of establishing diplomatic relations with India in 1948 set the foundation for a lasting friendship. 

Strategic Partnership: In 2006, the relationship between the two countries was elevated to a strategic partnership, ushering in a new era of collaboration. 

Global Engagements: Both Brazil and India are active members of prominent international forums, including BRICS, G-20, IBSA, and G4. Additionally, both nations share aspirations for securing a permanent seat at the United Nations Security Council, reinforcing their commitment to global governance. 

Key Milestone

Republic Day Chief Guest: The visit of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro as the chief guest at India’s Republic Day celebrations in 2020 marked a significant milestone in bilateral relations. 

Public Opinion

Diverse Perspectives: A 2013 BBC World Service Poll revealed that public opinion on each other’s countries is varied. Only 26% of Brazilians view India’s influence positively, while Indian opinion on Brazil is also divided, with 20% viewing Brazil positively and 18% viewing it negatively. 

Cultural Relations

Cultural Exchanges: Cultural relations between Brazil and India have flourished over the years. A successful Festival of India during President K.R. Narayanan’s visit to Brazil in May 1998 showcased the rich cultural tapestry of India. 

Spiritual Connections: Various Indian spiritual gurus and organizations, including ISKCON, Satya Sai Baba, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, and the Bhakti Vedanta Foundation, have established a presence in Brazil, fostering spiritual and cultural exchanges. 

Gandhi’s Legacy: Statues of Mahatma Gandhi are prominent in Brazilian cities like São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, signifying the enduring influence of his teachings. 

 Cultural Exchange: The popular Brazilian telenovela “Caminho das Índias,” aired in 2009, played a significant role in popularizing Indian culture in Brazil. This led to an increased interest in India, with a rise in travel, Indian-themed restaurants, and a surge in books about India. 


Brazil-India relations represent a diverse and multifaceted partnership rooted in shared values and a commitment to global cooperation. With diplomatic ties dating back to 1948, their strategic partnership and active involvement in international forums reinforce their dedication to addressing global challenges and fostering mutual growth. 

To know more about bilateral relations between India and Brazil, please download our booklet.

To know more about India – Brazil, DTAA, please download our guide.

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